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How to Tell the Difference Between Hallucinations and Illusions in People with Dementia

Hallucinations refer to sights, sounds, and smells that come from inside the brain. Hallucinations are common with Lewy Body Dementia but can happen with any dementia. The person with dementia is seeing, hearing, or smelling stuff that the rest of us are not experiencing. Illusions refer to mis-seeing (misperceiving) objects […]

Difference between hallucinations, illusions, and delusions?

optical illusion

An illusion is something that can be misinterpreted by your vision or or hearing. Hallucinations, on the other hand, involve hearing, seeing, or feeling something that is not there. Delusions are false beliefs usually arising from fears.

10 Commandments of Dementia Caregiving

family caregiving

The 10 Commandments of Dementia Caregiving

Can a Person with Dementia Safely Make Decisions?

The asking of the questions is a process; we are providing an opportunity to really find out what the other person is thinking. On one hand, we want to protect our loved ones from financial abuse or unsafe conditions. On the other hand, we want to respect their autonomy….their ability to make their own decisions. 

Meet the Dementias: Start Here

Dementia is an umbrella word for progressive memory loss. Other dementias include Alzheimer's, Lewy Body, vascular, and fronto-temporal.

Many people confuse dementia with Alzheimer’s Disease. A person with Alzheimer’s has dementia. A person with dementia does not always have Alzheimer’s Disease.

The “Why” Behind the “What:” Shrinking Brain and Memory Loss

Brain shrinkage happens in dementia and is the root cause for many of the problematic behaviors.

I explain how the shrinking brain causes many of the repetitive questions and behaviors that caregivers find frustrating.

The “Why” Behind the “What:” Mixed-up Memories

Alzheimer's and other dementias causes compartments in the brain to break down, mixing up the memories.

Avoid quizzing the person with dementia. Logic does not work. Arguing does not work.

Crash Course in Dementia-Centric Communication

Dementia-Centric Communication Dementia-centric communication is the ability to interact with people who have dementia in a respectful and meaningful way. I hear, over and over again, “I don’t know what to say to a person with dementia.” “What if I do something wrong?” Fear not, I am here to help […]

Is my spouse turning into a jerk or is it dementia?

Frontotemporal Dementia & The Jerk Factor When I say “dementia,” most people think “Alzheimer’s Disease.” The truth is that in people under 65, the more common dementia is “frontotemporal dementia” for FTD. FTD refers to a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases that include behavioral, motor, and/or speech symptoms. The one I am talking […]

Dementia and “Entering Their Reality:” Combining Elements of Truth with Preserving Dignity

Think of “Entering Their Reality” as a gentle and kind approach to delivering truth with dignity

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